Damask

DAMASK (Cotton)
A cotton cloth woven with jacquard designs and used for table covers, napkins, curtains, upholstery cloth, etc. They can be reversible or one-sided only. Designs may be floral or geometrical. Yams 8's to 40's warp and weft. The ground and figure are bound by uniform weaves, generally twill or satin. The figure is developed by interchanging the warp and weft and the pattern so made up that the reflection of light on the threads brings out the effect. Linen and silk damasks only differ in material, as cotton damasks are made in very fine yarns. ————————
DAMASK (Linen)
A fabric of single structure formed by two satin weaves with figure developed in warp and ground in weft satin weaves resulting in a design that shows very clearly as a warp figure on a weft ground. The figure can be made more prominent by using coloured yam. For table damasks a cotton warp with linen weft is often used. Damasks are made in numerous qualities, but all are figured in the five- or eight-shaft satin weaves. As early as the reign of Henry VIII a damask was a rich figured satin or linen and a damask was known in England as early as the 13th century. The name is derived from Damascus and is presumed to refer to the design and not the material. The finest linen damask is woven about 126 ends and 188 picks per inch from superior flax yarns. The finished sizes vary up to 90-in. wide, 6 yards long, and as a rule damask napkins and table tops can be obtained to match. Standard cloths of single damask are made : - Five-end satin, 60-ends and 56 picks per inch, 50's T., 35's lea W., boiled; 8-end satin, 80 ends and 76 picks per inch, 50's T., 60's lea W., boiled (see Double Damask) ————————
DAMASSE (or Damask)
Originally an all-silk fabric with large designs developed in many colours. It was a heavy cloth with satin ground and weft figure. Imitations are now made with cotton warp and cotton or rayon weft. Used for dresses, and when very heavy for curtains, furnishings, dancing shoes, etc. The brocade effects are developed in colour or fancy weaves. Damasse Arabesque has arabesque designs. Damasse Brocat has gold and silver weft for figuring. Damasse Broche has flowered designs. Damasse Cachenir has palm leaf designs. Damasse Chine has printed silk warps. Damasse Egyptien has Egyptian designs. Damasse Jardinier is an expensive damask made with silk warp and fine mercerised cotton weft. The design is of detached flowers in colours. Many coloured wefts are used.

Dictionary of the English textile terms. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Damask — Dam ask, a. 1. Pertaining to, or originating at, the city of Damascus; resembling the products or manufactures of Damascus. [1913 Webster] 2. Having the color of the damask rose. [1913 Webster] But let concealment, like a worm i the bud, Feed on… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Damask — Dam ask (d[a^]m ask), n. [From the city Damascus, L. Damascus, Gr. Damasko s, Heb. Dammesq, Ar. Daemeshq; cf. Heb. d meseq damask; cf. It. damasco, Sp. damasco, F. damas. Cf. {Damascene}, {Damass[ E]}.] 1. Damask silk; silk woven with an… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Damask — Dàmask (Dimashq ash Sham) m DEFINICIJA glavni grad Sirije, 1.326.000 stan. SINTAGMA poći u Damask doživjeti viziju i obraćenje; prema Sv. Pavlu (do tada Saul) koji je na putu u Damask doživio viziju Isusa i od tvrdog neznabošca postao… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • damask — [dam′əsk] n. [It damasco, after L Damascus (the city)] 1. a durable, lustrous, reversible fabric as of silk or linen, in figured weave, used for table linen, upholstery, etc. 2. a) DAMASCUS STEEL b) the wavy markings of such steel 3. deep pink or …   English World dictionary

  • Damask — Damask, eine der bedeutendsten Städte des alten Syrien, so alt, daß selbige bereits in der Erzählung vom Patriarchen Abraham erwähnt wird. Es war Damaskus also schon damals eine Stadt, und unter der Regierung David s von großer Wichtigkeit.… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Damask — Dam ask, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Damasked}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Damasking}.] To decorate in a way peculiar to Damascus or attributed to Damascus; particularly: (a) with flowers and rich designs, as silk; (b) with inlaid lines of gold, etc., or with a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Damask [1] — Damask (Damascus, arab. Demiekh, Dimeschk), 1) (Cham), Ejalet od. Paschalik in der Asiatischen Türkei, 1260 QM., gehört zu Syrien, umfaßt im Allgemeinen das Gebiet zwischen dem Libanon dem Euphrat, od. den größten Theil von Palästina, u. einen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Damask [2] — Damask (Gesch.). Der Ursprung von D. verliert sich in die mythische Zeit; hierher verlegt eine orientalische Sage Adams Sündenfall u. das Opfer Abels u. Kains; nach der griechischen Sage hatte es Damaskos, der Sohn des Hermes u. der Halimede, der …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Dàmask — (Dimashq ash Sham) m glavni grad Sirije ✧ {{001f}}lat. ← grč. ← arap …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • damask — late 14c., Damaske cloth from DAMASCUS (Cf. Damascus), the Syrian city …   Etymology dictionary

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